Alfred Bernhard Nobel (21 October 1833 – 10 December 1896) was a Swedish chemist, engineer, innovator, engineer, armaments manufacturer and industrialist. Aside from being famous for Nobel Prizes, he is also best known as the inventor of dynamite.
As inventor, Nobel held 355 different patents. He invented the patent for dynamite in Great Britain in 1866 and in the U.S. in 1867. In his last will, he used his enormous fortune acquired from the manufacture of explosives and from interests in oil fields in Russia to institute the Nobel Prizes. The synthetic element nobelium was named after him. His name also survives in modern-day companies such as Dynamit Nobel and Akzo Nobel, which are descendents of the companies Nobel himself established. Nobel Prizes was first awarded in 1901.
Check out this related article: Dynamite and Inventor Alfred Nobel
MLA style: “Biographical Information”. Nobelprize.org. 1 Nov 2011 http://www.nobelprize.org/alfred_nobel/biographical/
Alfred Nobel, en.Wikipedia.org
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American Engineer and Inventor
George Westinghouse, Jr. (October 6, 1846 – March 12, 1914) was an American engineer and entrepreneur who invented the railway air brake and was a pioneer of the electrical industry. He was also one of Thomas Alva Edison‘s rivals in the early implementation of the American electricity system. Westinghouse’s system, which used alternating current based on the extensive research by Nikola Tesla, eventually prevailed over Edison’s insistence on direct Current.
In 1911, Westinghouse received the AIEE’s Edison Medal “For meritorious achievement in connection with the development of the alternating current system.” Continue reading
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Electrical and Computer Engineer, management specialist, and founder of Systems Dynamics
Jay Wright Forrester is born on July 14, 1918, in Anselmo, Nebraska. He is best known as the founder of System Dynamics, which deals with the simulation of interactions between objects in dynamic systems. Forrester is an American electrical and computer engineer, systems scientist and was a professor at the MIT Sloan School of Management.
Jay Forrester is also known for his other researches. During the late 1950s, he and his colleagues at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) developed many ideas and theories that later became the cornerstones of supply chain management. Continue reading
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Leonardo da vinci, founder of the classic style of High Renaissance celebrates his birth anniversary.
Leonardo da Vinci (April 15, 1452, Vinci -May 2, 1519, Clos Lucé), was an Italian polymath: painter, sculptor, architect, musician, mathematician, cartographer, engineer, writer, and scientist. He was born in the Republic of Florence, the son of Caterina and Piero da Vinci.
Da Vinci was the founder of the classic style of High Renaissance. Less than twenty of this paintings are known, and few of them completed to his satisfaction. Da Vinci is best known for Mona Lisa (1506) and The Last Supper (1498). His other artwork includes: Vitruvian, Virgin of the Rocks (1486), and Lady with an Ermine (1490).
As his brilliant mind flowed with ideas, Da Vinci kept these ideas either written or doodled on his notepads. He left numerous notebooks of writings and sketches. Notably, Leonardo da Vinci’s writings were written backward, so that it could only be legible when held up to a mirror.
When he was 30 years old, da Vinci began a sculpture of a horse, said to be difficult to design because the final product weighed many tons when cast in bronze. He spent years sketching the solution how the horse could be balanced. When he finally tried to cast the horse, all the bronze had been used to built cannons for the impending war. The horse sculpture remained unfinished until 1999, not until a Japanese-American sculptor used his drawings and plans to build the horse. The completed horse sculpture was 23 feet high, weighed 15 tons. It was perfectly balanced! Continue reading